Wednesday, 14 December 2011

Privacy Law

Privacy Law;
Privacy law refers to the laws which deal with the regulation of personal information about individuals which can be collected by governments and other public as well as private organizations and its storage and use. Privacy has long been recognized as one of the important human rights and this is reflected in religion and history.

Broadcasting act 1990
An Act to make new provision with respect to the provision and regulation of independent television and sound programme services and of other services provided on television or radio frequencies; to make provision with respect to the provision and regulation of local delivery services; to amend in other respects the law relating to broadcasting and the provision of television and sound programme services and to make provision with respect to the supply and use of information about programmes; to make provision with respect to the transfer of the property, rights and liabilities of the Independent Broadcasting Authority and the Cable Authority and the dissolution of those bodies; to make new provision relating to the Broadcasting Complaints Commission; to provide for the establishment and functions of a Broadcasting Standards Council; to amend the Wireless Telegraphy Acts 1949 to 1967 and the Marine, &c., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967; to revoke a class licence granted under the Telecommunications Act 1984 to run broadcast relay systems; and for connected purposes.
Obscene publications Act 1959
An Act to amend the law relating to the publication of obscene matter; to provide for the protection of literature; and to strengthen the law concerning pornography
Films Act 1985
An Act to repeal the Films Acts 1960 to 1980; to make further provision with respect to the financing of films; and for connected purposes.
Video recording Act 1984
An Act to make provision for regulating the distribution of video recordings and for connected purposes.
Race relations Act 1979
An Act to make fresh provision with respect to discrimination on racial grounds and relations between people of different racial groups; and to make in the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 amendments for bringing provisions in that Act relating to its administration and enforcement into conformity with the corresponding provisions in this Act.

Human rights act 1998
An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purpose.
Licensing Act 2003
An Act to make provision about the regulation of the sale and supply of alcohol, the provision of entertainment and the provision of late night refreshment, about offences relating to alcohol and for connected purposes

Friday, 2 December 2011

Developing Technologies in the TVand Film industrys

Developing Tecnologies in the TV and Film industrys.

Since 1927 when Philo Farnsworth invted the first working televison, times have changed immesnly as now we can get big 50" plasma and LCD TV's and the latest TV the 3D Televison.

3D TV's
In 3D TV's there are several techniques to produce and display 3D moving pictues, it is to display offest images that are filterd seperatly to the left and the right eye. Two strategies were used to complete it as you have to wear the eyeglasses to filter the separatly offest images to catch the eye so yo can see in 3D. In my oppinion i cant see 3D Televison taking of big as i thinks it okay without 3D obivously it would be really good to watch 3D-tv or play xbox or playstion games on them, but i dont think its worth the extra £££ when you can pay a little less for HD which is just as good. 

Anaglyphic 3D( with passive red-cyan lenses)
Polarization 3D (with passive polarized lenses)
Alternate-frame sequencing (with active shutter lenses)
Head-mounted display (with a seperate display positioned in front of each eye, and lenses used primarily to relax eye focus)

Without lenses;
Autostereoscopic displays, sometimes referred to commerically as Auto 3D.

Satellite TV.

Satellie televison is televison programming deliverd by the means of communications sateillite which is recived to your antenna/satellite dish outside your house which sends signals to your freeveiw box or sky etc. In many areas of the world satellte televsion provides a wide range of channels and serivces. Aswell as direct broadcast satellite televison comes to the general pubic in two different types; analog and digital, the necessitates either having an analog satellite reciver or a digital satellite reciver.

Cable TV.

cable televison is source that is providing televison programmes to consumers through radio frequency signals that are tranmitted to televison screens through coaxial cables or digital light pulses through optic fibers on the subscribers property, most televison sets are cable ready and have a cable televison tuner capable of receiving cable TV already built in. to get premium TV most televisons require a set top box like Virgin media etc, in a way cable is better via singal wise as when we get bad weather satellite TV can have no signal due to the weather, where as cable TV the weather will not effect you veiwing.

HD televison.

HDTV is a video that had a resolution substantially higher than that compared to normal plasma televisons etc. HDTV has one or two million pixles per frame. HDTV can be recorded to D-VHS to and HDTV capable digital video recorder, or HDTV ready HTPC, some cable boxes are also capable of receving o0r recording two or more broadcasts at a time in HDTV format. As good as HDTV you can just still have all the channels you want just without that better quality and with Sky HD there onaly a variety of channels which do HD.

On demand.

On demeand has been a latest kind of catch up TV where you can watch Tv online over BBC Iplayer, ITVplayer, but the only bad thing is that you are able to lie about your age cause all it takes is a clikc saying yes so a for example a 10 year old could watch and rated 18 programme just with a click of a button.Video on Demand (VOD) or Audio and Video On Demand (AVOD) are systems which allow users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content on demand. IPTV technology is often used to bring video on demand to televisions and personal computers

Wednesday, 16 November 2011

Regualtion of the media sector

Regulatory and professional bodies:

 British video association; BVA is a home video endtertainment organisation which wass establishecd in 1980.

Film Distributors association; FDA is the trade body for theatrical film distributors in the UK

Video standards concil; VCA is a non-profit making body setup to devlope and oversee a cod of practice

Trading standars central; Trading standards central in an institute that is the professional association which represents trading standards professionals in the UK and overseas.

Press complaints commission; PCC id a vonluntry regulatory body for the british printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers.

Advertiseing standards authority;  ASA is a self-regulatory organisation of the advertiseing industry in the UK

The independant games developers assocaiation;  TIGA is a national trade association representing the business and commerical  interests of the video and comupter game developers in the UK and Europe.

British academy of film and televison arts; BAFTA is a charity in the UK which hosts annual awards shows for film, televison, televison craft, video games and forms of animation.

Commercial radio companies associaiton; CRCA is the trade bosy of the UK's commercial radio, it represents commerical radio to the goverment, the radio authority, copyright societies and other organsations.

The international visual communications assciations;  IVCA  is the dependent not for profit membership organsiation representing the creators and commissioners of film, video, digital and live envents fot the corporate and public sectors.

Worldwide web consortium; worldwide web consortium also known as W3C is the main international standards organization for the worldwide web.

British web desing and marketing assocaitation; the BWDMA was established in 1999 initially attracting membership from those involved in web design however soon its reach spread to incude all thoise involved in the digital ecnomy.

British interactive multimeda association; the BIMA is an industry body representing the digital industry in the UK

Thursday, 13 October 2011

Film Financing

Film finance is an aspect of film production that occurs during the development stage prior to pre-production, and is concerned with determining the potential value of a proposed film. In the United States, the value is typically based on a forecast of revenues, beginning with theatrical release, and including DVD sales, and release to cable broadcast television networks both domestic and international  licensing.
DreamWorks LLC today announced that it has closed two major financing transactions totalling $1.5 billion. The new financing consists of a $1 billion film securitization the first of its kind in the film industry as well as a $500 million revolving credit facility. Together, these financings replace the Company’s existing financing arrangements at a substantially lower cost of capital and extend the Company's access to debt capital until at least October 2007. DreamWorks has been able to secure $150 million of the $325 million in debt financing they're currently seeking.
Pixar Animation Studios keeps computer-generating hits. The company has produced about a dozen full-length animated movies, including the first fully computer-animated feature "Toy Story", as well as the more recent Cars 2 and Toy Story 3. RenderMan was used to create some of the dinosaurs in Jurassic Park and space creatures in the Star Wars films. Pixar has accounted for a large chunk of the animation box office in recent years. Its films are released by Disney, which in 2006 bought Pixar for $7.4 billion.

Friday, 7 October 2011

Paramount pictures

Paramount Pictures.
Paramount pictures corporation is an American film company located in Hollywood, paramount pictures was founded in 1912 and currently owned by media conglomerate Viacom, it is Americans oldest existing film studio it is also the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of los Angeles.
Paramount pictures can trace it beginning to the creation in May 1912 of the famous player’s film company, found by Hungarian   born Adolph Zukor 
In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took on the name Paramount-Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years later it was later known as Paramount-Publix Corporation.
Paramount Pictures Inc. was split in two. Paramount Pictures Corporation was formed to be the production distribution company.
In 1966, a sinking Paramount was sold to Charles Bluhdorn's industrial conglomerate.
In 1970, Paramount teamed with Universal Studios to form Cinema International Corporation. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) would become a partner in the mid 1970s. Both Paramount and CIC entered the video market with Paramount Home Video (now Paramount Home Entertainment) and CIC Video, respectively.
On December 11, 2005, The Paramount Motion Pictures Group announced that it had purchased DreamWorks SKG in a deal worth $1.6 billion.

Channel 4

Channel 4.
Channel 4 is run by a chief executive, whose role can be compared to that of the Director-General of the BBC. Channel 4 is a British public service television broadcaster which began working on November 2nd 1982. Although largely commercially self-funded, it is publicly owned originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by the Channel Four Television Corporation, a public body established in 1990, coming into operation in 1993, Channel 4 became a UK-wide TV channel for the first time.0+
Along with channel 4 there is also: Film4, E4, More4, 4Music, Channel 4’+1’, 50% of Box Television, Channel 4HD, 4Radio and 4Od/catch up.
In 2007 Channel 4 had bought 50% of Box Television Ltd for £28m from Emap plc.   It has since emerged that, as a result of Emap's decision to sell off its divisions in a break-up sale of the group, Channel 4 may be interested in acquiring the remaining half of the business. Box TV operates seven music TV stations (4Music, The Box, Smash Hits, Kerrang!, Q, Kiss and Magic).
Channel 4 was established with, and continues to hold, a remit of public service obligations which it must fulfill. The remit changes periodically, as dictated by various broadcasting and communication acts. And is regulated by various authorities channel 4 has been answerable to originally the IBA. Then the ITC and now Ofcom.
History of channel 4.
At the time the fourth service was being considered, a movement in Wales lobbied for the creation or dedicated service that would air welsh-language programs. The campaign was take so seriously by Gwynfor Evans (Was a welsh politician, lawyer and author) former president of plaid cymru that he threatened the government with a hunger strike were it not to honour the plans.
Funding of channel 4.
During the stations favourite year , funding came from ITV companies in return for their rights to sell advertisements in there region on the fourth channel. Nowadays it pays for its self in much the same way as most privately run commercial stations i.e. through the sale of on air advertising, programme sponsorship, and the sale of any programmes content  and merchandising rights it owns, such as overseas sales and video sales. It also has the ability to subsidies the main network through any profits made on the corporations other endeavours which have in the past included subscription fees from stations such as E4 and Film4 and its video on demand sales.
Channel 4 had also extended a movie themed-break for inception. A spokesman for Warner Bros' media agency PHD said it was the first time Channel 4 had extended the movie-themed break to accommodate one trailer.
Channel 4's total revenue for the year to 31 December 2005 was £894.3 million, of which £735.2 million was controlled by its main channel, and the remainder by its subsidiaries channels, sales of programming rights to other broadcasters, Operating profits for the year to 31 December 2006 fell 70% to £14.5 million from £56.9 million in 2005.